Phantom Stock


Phantom Stock

Key Takeaways

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Phantom stock gives holders (typically employees) the benefits of stock ownership without the work, expense and level of documentation required for issuing them real stock. Instead, holders are granted contractual rights to payment, the amount of such payment tracking the price movement of a company’s actual stock. The holder of such rights often has the right to a cash payment: a) at a designated time; b) over a vesting period; or c) in association with a set event in the future like a change of control or liquidity event.

For startups, phantom stock can be used in place of stock options to provide employees or other contributors with a simpler vehicle for equity participation. Both companies and recipients may benefit from the potential flexibility of these arrangements and potentially reduced filing burdens. For more established companies, they are often used as part of a cash bonus plan.

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